A Rudraksha is classified on the basis of the number of natural lines or Mukhi; it has over its shell. On the basis of this Mukhi (natural lines) only, the effectiveness, quality, and impact of different Rudraksha are measured. It can be of a single Mukhi (which is called as 1 Mukhi) or can be of more than one or several Mukhi. Each of the Rudraksha with a different number of Mukhi over it holds some special significance in itself. Wearing of a particular Rudraksha with a particular number of Mukhi over it, is considered to bring a certain impact over its bearer. Generally, there are 1 faces to 108 faces Rudraksha considered to exist around the planet. Out of them, only 2 to 21 Mukhi are easily available. Those with more than 21 Mukhi are said to have extinct out of the world.
Rudraksha meaning—the eye of Rudra [Shiva] is considered to be the most potent manifestation of the Cosmic Force. Hence Rudraksha is the object of veneration and also the source to reach the higher self. Rudraksha is often believed to symbolize the link between the earth and the heaven. These beads are the seeds of the Rudraksha fruit obtained from Rudraksha trees. The Rudraksha tree is botanically known as ELAEOCARPUS GANITRUS ROXB. Its English name is UTRASUM BEAD TREE.
Rudraksha trees are mostly found in South Eastern Asian Islands of Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Bali, Iran, Java, Timor (Indonesia) and parts of South Asian Kingdom of Nepal. Around 70% of the Rudraksha trees are found in Indonesia, 25% in Nepal and 5% in India. Considered a major stress reliever, reducing circulatory problems and of course as the best beads, the berry (Elaeocarpus Ganitrus) was first spotted in Indonesia and is now grown in Nepal and Hardware. However, because it is expensive, clinical research of its medicinal properties has not been possible, often resulting in the berry being subjected to esoteric mumbo jumbo.
There are clefts called Mukhi on the surface of the beads. The number of Mukhi on the surface of a Rudraksha beads helps in determining its quality. According to the number of Mukhi the Rudraksha bead ranges from single face to a several faced bead. Asians have used Rudraksha beads traditionally. Asian Yogis and Monks found that merely wearing the Rudraksha beads gave them astonishingly tremendous amount of tranquility, concentration that helped them meditate for a long period of time with spectacular control over their mind.
Lord Shiva is always portrayed wearing rosaries of Rudraksha beads on his head, arms and hands. With this came the religious and spiritual significance of Rudraksha. It is believed that the seed of Rudraksha contains the secrets of the entire evolution of the cosmos within it. The sages and yogis of the himalayas, who live according to the Eternal Natural Law of Sanatana Dharma, have always been wearing Rudraksha for centuries for a fearless life on their path to spiritual Enlightenment and Liberation.
Devotees dedicated to Lord Shiva always wear Rudraksha as rosaries which are used in meditation; it helps to maintain good health, to gain self-empowerment and a fearless life. Rudraksha are noted for their divine protection and are worn on the body singly or as chains (Mala).
Botanically, the holy rudraksha tree is known as 'Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb' and belongs to the family Tiliaceae, a large evergreen broad-leaved tree with a wide crown. Altitude-wise, its habitat starts from sea-coast and goes up to 2,000 meters. Geographically it is found growing naturally and abundantly in tropical and subtropical areas. The trees are perennial in habitat. The trees are almost 15 to 60 meter in height. This tree grows fast and carries these seeds/fruits within seven years. These trees are mostly found in abundance in Nepal, in the Himalayan slopes and also in parts of India, Indonesia and Malaysia. Its English name is Utrasum Bead Tree. In Indonesia the Rudraksha Tree is called Ganitri Tree or Jenitri Tree. Around 70% of the Rudraksha trees are found in Indonesia, 25% in Nepal and 5% in India.
Rudraksha beads are the seeds of the Rudraksha fruit obtained from Rudraksha trees. Rudraksha beads are covered by an outer shell of blue color on fully ripening, so they are also called blueberry beads and the sweet tasting fruitflesh can be used for treatment of various diseases. It is kept in water for a number of days and then Rudraksha is taken out after peeling off the pulp and brushing it clean.
Rudraksha is a rare gift of nature to mankind in the sense, that most beads come with a natural hole drilled in the centre, as if nature intended man to use the rudraksha bead to form a chain. Such rudraksha beads are considered especially auspicious. Rudraksha is often believed to symbolize the link between earth and heaven, between man and god. Hence Rudraksha is the object of veneration and also a source to reach the higher self.
Each seed also possesses from 1 to 38 vertical lines running down its surface, like the longitude lines on a globe. These lines are known as mukhi, or faces, and are natural formations of the seed. Seeds with one vertical line are known as Eka-mukhi (one facet), which are very rare; those with two lines are Dvi-mukhi (two facets), and so on. Each bead has different effects on the wearer, depending on the number of mukhi or faces it has. Each of the many types of Rudraksha Beads have a governing Deity and specific powers and properties.
As per the Vedic scriptures, Rudraksha beads possess mystical and divine properties and can nullify the effects of malefic planets to a great extent. They offer protection to the wearer. No other bead is considered to be as auspicious and powerful as a Rudraksha.
The unique properties and divine powers of Rudraksha have been described in the authentic Shastras like the Rudraksha Jabala Upanishad, Padma Purana, Shiva Purana, Devi Purana and Bhagavat Purana. The benefits of this miraculous bead have been flowing to the users/ wearers from time immemorial. Rudraksha, is the most powerful and awesome bead ever, offering protection to its wearer. This bead can help you achieve all you want - a healthy mind, body and soul, a wealthy life that many dream of and only some achieve, and a happy soul.
Rudraksha comes in many sizes and faces also called "mukhi" meaning "the clefts or furrows or faces on the surface". According to Shastra (Scripture) there are up to 38 mukhi or faces found on Rudraksha, but Rudraksha of 1 to 14 mukhi are the most commonly available ones. And 5 or 6 are the vast majority.
95% of the Rudraksha found are with 5 mukhi. It is very rough, hard and tough and can be boiled in hot water for hours without problem. This procedure is sometimes used for testing rare and expensive Rudraksha from the Market for it's genuineness. To verify the authenticity of the numbers of mukhi, an x-ray photo can be taken as well.
Each mukhi Rudraksha has unique properties and provides various scientific, medical and spiritual benefits.
Rudraksha comes in four basic shades: white, red, brown and black. The different colours relate to the social/ religious order of Varna-Ashrama-Dharma. White= for brahmana, red=for kshatriya, brown= for vaishya, black= for shudra.
Who can wear Rudraksha?
Rudraksha Beads help to overcome difficulties and obstacles in life, they do not have any negative effects like gemstones and can be worn by everyone, irrespective of sex, age, religion, culture etc.
Vishnavadidevabhaktashcha dharayeyuma samshayah |
Rudrabhakto visheshena rudrakshandharayetsada || 62 ||
Devotees of Vishnu and other God worshippers can also wear rudraksha, there is no doubt about it. Devotees of Shiva especially have to daily wear rudraksha (Shiva Mahapurana, Vidyeshwarasamhita, Chapter 25, Khanda 61 to 90).
Shastra quotes: "Na vaishnavanam-yatha-shamboh" 'There is NO Vaishnava equal to Shamboo!'. Padma Puranam, Chapter 57: Sri Bhagavan uvaca: "If a man always wears a Rudraksa, especially with fourteen mouths, permeated with God's auspicious power, he is always honoured and blessed by the demigods due to the greatness of his religious merit." -- THIS is Lord Vishnu speaking!
Srimad Devi Bhagavat 11th Canto, Chap. 2. Lord Vishnu said: "A man wearing fourteen mukhi Rudraksa becomes highly auspicious, like Lord Shiva. Anyone who wears even one Rudraksha seed is always admired like saintly men and deities and can even attain liberation."
Srimad Devi Bhagavat 11th Canto, Chapter V verse 25 to 26 it is stated, "The desire for wearing Rudraksha is the result of attaining the perfection of knowledge and Blessings of God during previous births."
Rudraksha Kevalam Vapi Yatra Kutra MahamateRudraksha can be worn by chanting mantra or without chanting it, with reverence or without it, with devotion or without it, with shame or without the same i.e. with whatsoever procedure a man who wears Rudraksha gets rid of all kinds of sins and gets knowledge as well.
Sumantrakam Va Mantren Rahitam Bhava Varjitam
Yo Va ko Va naro Bhaktya Dharyellajjayapi Va
Sarvapap Vinirmukta Samyagjnanam An Vapnuyat